Tropical cyclones and Hurricanes: A risk for tourism in Quintana Roo
Tourism is one of the highest sources of income in Quintana Roo, In the eastern portion of the state to the side of the Caribbean, there are huge resorts in areas like Cancun, Playa del Carmen and the Riviera Maya. The state of Quintana Roo, has the risk of vulnerability to the impacts of storm paths each hurricane season. It is important to take into account cyclonic systems in the planning of tourism as its presence may influence the prosperity and growth in this economic branch, also, the impact may be harmful (socio-economic) and complicates tourism, when systems hit the continental or marine environment, they generally alter the biotic and abiotic environment, as in the path of hurricanes such as Gilberto some or Wilma, among others. Speaking of Wilma, we are reaching the 10th year anniversary of it’s pass through The Riviera Maya, hurricane Wilma made landfall on the coast of Quintana Roo. With winds reaching 280 kilometers per hour, it left a million homeless people in the country and economic losses of 30 billion pesos, according to official figures.
The threat of the storm, which claimed a huge force in just 24 hours, went from Category 2 to Category 5, with maximum peak was when it sustained winds of 280 kilometers per hour.
The phenomenon affected our country,leaving four deaths in the area, as well as Haiti, where it left 12 dead; Cuba,in which left four others; the Bahamas, where one person was killed; and the United States, where it left a toll of 31 dead people.
Ten years after the most intense hurricane recorded in the Atlantic Ocean, the state of Quintana Roo takes the damages left by Wilma as an example to adopt new measures of prevention.
Here is a list of things that could be affected if a Hurricane like Wilma hit the Riviera Maya again
1. The Cancun airport is receiving a greater number of international passengers in the country, followed by the one in City of Mexico, Puerto Vallarta, Los Cabos and Guadalajara.
2. Major destinations include Cancun in Quintana Roo,Playa del Carmen, Cozumel, Isla Mujeres and Riviera Maya.
3. Cancun is one of the most important tourist destinations in the country and one of the most recognized worldwide.
4. From January to December 2014, Quintana Roo reported 10,137,509 tourists. Arrived to the top five destinations of the entity: Cancun, Cozumel, Playa del Carmen, Isla Mujeres and The Riviera Maya.
5. In December 2014, the state reported 931 hotels with 88.280 rooms. Of these, 30,608 are in Cancun and the Riviera Maya 35.654.
6. In 2013, Quintana Roo had an economic impact of seven thousand 577.92 million dollars, while in 2014 the figure rose to eight thousand 258.90 million.
7. The greatest economic benefit was recorded in 2014 in Cancun, with four thousand 733.40 million dollars, followed by the Riviera Maya, two thousand 772.14 million dollars.
People don’t understand that not only are their lives in danger if a hurricane hits, but all their work, investments and stability could all be destroyed.